Saint Andrew, Patron Saint of Scotland
Saint Andrew is the Patron Saint of Scotland, and St. Andrew's Day is
celebrated by Scots around the world on the 30th November. The flag of Scotland
is the Cross of St. Andrew, and this is widely displayed as a symbol of
The "Order of Saint Andrew" or the "Most Ancient Order of the Thistle" is an
order of Knighthood which is restricted to the King or Queen and sixteen
others. It was established by James VII of Scotland in 1687.
A disciple of Jesus and the brother of Simon Peter . The two are pictured as
fishermen working beside the sea when Jesus summons them to follow him and
become, "fishers of men." Although less prominent than his brother, Andrew is
present at the miracle of the bread and the speech on the Mount of Olives. In
the list of the Twelve, Andrew is listed second in Luke and Matthew and fourth
in the books of Mark and Acts. In all accounts he was one of the first, as a
follower of John the Baptists, to be "called" a disciple.
According to later traditions , Andrew became a missionary to Asia Minor,
Macedonia, and southern Russia. In 70 AD he was martyred in Patras, Greece.
Having many coverts, he was feared by the Roman governor who had him cruxified
on an X-shaped cross known as a Saltire Cross. (One of the many Medievil
customs of torture). It is this shape that is reflected in the Scottish flag.
Take note of the similiar designs between the Scottish and
Confederate flags. This can be attributed to the early Scottish Settlers'
Religious Influence on Southern Culture.
Dixie Grays, Ladoga, IN